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Blood Glucose Test Made Easy

Whether you check your blood glucose level once a week, once a day, or 6 times a day, learning how to make monitoring easier and less painful may inspire you to monitor more often.

For people with diabetes, the knowledge that you gain from monitoring more often is the key to staying in control of your health. It helps you make informed decisions about medicine, food, and exercise. It helps you cope with the day-to-day demands of living with diabetes, you’ll feel better each day, and you’ll lower your risk for future diabetes complications.1 Here are some tips for getting the best results possible.

Blood Glucose Testing Frequency and Target Ranges Recommended by Ministry of Health (MOH) Malaysia2

Testing Frequency

Mode of Treatment Breakfast Lunch Dinner
Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post
Diet only    
Oral Antidiabetic Drugs (OADs)    


Target Ranges

Parameters Target Range
Blood Glucose Control
Fasting or pre-meal 4.4 – 7.0 mmol/L
Post-meal (at least 1½ hours – 2 hours) 4.4 – 8.5 mmol/L
HbA1c < 6.5%


You might find difficulty figuring if your blood glucose readings are in range.
Tip: Keep the difference between pre and post-meal blood glucose less than 2.8 mmol/L.3

The best site to test
Wash and dry your hands before testing on the side of a fingertip. Alternate fingers and sides so that you don’t develop calluses, which could make it more difficult to get a good blood sample. You can also test on other parts of your body (alternate site testing), like your forearm or your palm. Please consult your doctor first if you would like to use alternate site testing.

Afraid of needles?
Does the sight of a needle cause you to feel anxious, nauseated, or faint? You’re not alone. Unfortunately, the stress of this phobia can interfere with your health, and your fears can give you what feels like a good reason to avoid your treatments or regular blood tests. Since avoiding your medicine is not an option, here are a few ways to get comfortable with needles.

  • Ask your doctor or pharmacist to show you the quickest, least painful way to lance your finger.
  • Use a lancing device. The needles are especially thin and coated for easier lancing.
  • Use a new lancet with every test. The tip of a used needle can become dull or bent if used repeatedly.

Taking care of your test strips.
You do need to take care of the test strips to get the most accurate result possible:

  • Keep strips in its original vial.
  • Keep strip vial in room temperature.
  • Keep vial tightly closed when not in used.
  • Check for the expiry date before use.

Discover what works and what doesn’t.
Have your test results come back too high or too low, yet you feel just fine? Or are your test results in normal range, but you still don’t feel right? Don’t dismiss the results. Wash your hands, retest, and see if you get almost the same result before you take action. Over days and weeks, compare your readings to previous ones. Make note if you were ill, drank alcohol, experienced something stressful, or if you had just exercised, or anything like this that can also affect your blood glucose.


  1. International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes education module 1.2, 2011: Self Management Education.
  2. Clinical Practice Guidelines, Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (5th Edition), Ministry of Health Malaysia, Dec 2015.
  3. G Slama Postprandial glycaemia: a plea for the frequent use of delta postprandial glycaemia in the treatment of diabetic patients. Diabetes Metab, 2006; 32: 187-192.
  4. Diabetes UK. What Affects Blood Sugar Levels. Available at: Accessed 19 April 2017.


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